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Ein Tal has a unique, leading specialist center for glaucoma. The center's specialists provide advanced, professional, private treatment that includes diagnosis, consultations, and medical follow-up. All the various related tests can be performed at Ein Tal, including visual field tests, pachymetry, OCT, and unique imaging tests. Ein Tal also provides all the available glaucoma treatments, from medication, through state-of-the-art laser treatments, to the most advanced surgical procedures in the field


What is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a common chronic eye disease that affects nearly 70 million people worldwide and is the second leading cause of blindness in the western world. The disease progresses slowly and usually does not involve pain or external symptoms, which is why it is often called the "silent thief of vision."

The changes caused by glaucoma take the form of damage to the optic nerve and visual acuity. The disease tends to initially affect peripheral vision, while central vision is usually impaired only during its later stages

Since there are currently no treatments capable of reversing damage that has already been caused to the optic nerve and visual field, early diagnosis is vital. Prompt treatment prevents future damage to optic nerve function and therefore prevents blindness.


Glaucoma Diagnosis & Risk Factors:

Diagnosis is carried out by the ophthalmologist. The diagnosis is based on a combination of structural damage to the optic nerve, accompanied by functional impairment, which is manifested in narrowing the field of vision.

High intraocular pressure is the most important risk factor for glaucoma. Reducing intraocular pressure delays and in some cases prevents progression of the disease.

Other risk factors include: heredity, old age, ethnicity, thinning cornea, myopia, hyperopia, and chronic conditions such as heart disease, hypertension, migraines, and diabetes.


When is it important to be tested?

Glaucoma is a very common and dangerous disease. Early treatment may prevent blindness. Due to the importance of early detection and treatment, everyone over 40 is recommended to have an annual screening test. Periodic testing becomes more important as the number of known risk factors increases.


Treating Glaucoma

The treatment's goal is to preserve the quality of the patient's life. It is very important to have treatment and follow-up from a glaucoma specialist. The treatment focuses on lowering intraocular pressure to the point where the glaucoma specialist is confident that it will not cause further damage to the optic nerve and the patient's standard of living.

Treatment includes a range of medications, usually given in drops. Other options include various laser devices, such as an SLT laser.

In some cases, intraocular pressure needs to be reduced through surgery. The classic surgery is called a trabeculectomy, and there are other surgeries based on implanting various types of drains (Ex-Press Mini Shunt, Ahmed Glaucoma Valve, etc.).

In recent years, various minimally-invasive techniques have been developed: trabecular surgery, XEN implantation, and more. The art of treating glaucoma is based on adapting the treatment to each patient's individual needs.